It was on a visit to Ireland in that John Fowler witnessed the aftermath of the potato famine. He had travelled there with a group of fellow Quakers in order to organise help for those hit by the famine. In his capacity as an engineer with a background in agriculture it was hoped that Fowler might find engineering solutions to farming problems. Just a year later his machine was demonstrated to the Royal Agricultural Society.
It worked using horses for power and geared capstans which allowed more substantial channels to be dug. The early experiments did not run smoothly and Fowler decided eventually that a steam engine was needed to work the machinery.
It was soon realised that there were many other applications for a steam engine in farming, particularly in the work of ploughing so a number of ways of putting steam engines to use for these purposes were devised.
Several experiments were carried out using a steam engine with an attached winding drum that could haul a plough back and forth across the field. A number of arrangements were devised using an engine moving along the headland at one Journeys On Jubilee Class Cars - No Artist - Sounds Of Sheffield Tramways of the field and a rope anchor set up at other side of the field to keep the plough in a straight line. The engine used was 10 nhp portable engine manufactured by Ransomes of Ipswich and fitted with a twin drum windlass, manufactured by Robert Stephenson of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and mounted under the engine smokebox.
The anchor carriage on the opposite headland was designed by Jeremiah Head of Ransomes, and manufactured by Stephenson. In the end the most efficient method of steam ploughing was found to be to use ploughing engines at both sides of the field, hauling the plough back and forth between each other and this was Fowler's prefared way of doing things.
Though the ideal method of working often varied according to the conditions of the field to be worked. Fowler developed a range of equipment that could be used in whatever manner was most appropriate.
With business booming it was soon decided that Fowler needed a works of his own. Above - Map Padre, Que Nos Perseguía - Litto Nebbia - Creer Hunslet in showing the Steam Plough and Locomotive works amongst its engine making neighbours. I got to know John Fowler, who stood by his steamplough in the midst of a circle of pleasantly animated farmers who were congratulating him on the prize of the Royal Agricultural Society of England just won.
I found him in a stubble field before a broken implement of mysterious appearance, full of interest and zeal. A splendid man of about 34 years old, big and stately, black hair and affable, with a laugh that did good to all within a hundred yards of him, he read my letter [of introduction from Alfred Tylor, a London brass founder whome he had befriended]shook my hand, but could not use me.
My friend Tylor in London reminds me about you. If you are inclined to commence work in my factory, just recently started, you will find a vice. LAir De La Poupée - Florent Pagny - Baryton LIntégrale Du Spectacle (DVD) soon as opportunity offers, I will take care that you learn steamplouging.
After that we must see. I believe in the future of the thing. A talanted writer, artist and poet, his tales of adventures whilst selling machinery to developing countries became popular books. He also went on to write a couple of novels and collections of short stories.
After just over twenty years with the firm he returned to Germany where he founded the German Agricultural Society inmodeled on the Royal Agricultural Society of England.
It was the time of the American Civil War and British mills were suffering as cotton supplies from the slave owning plantations of the Southern states were held up in port blockades. Overworked in establishing his Steam Plough Works, Fowler suffered a nervous breakdown in He then went in to partnership with his brother Robert and left the business in order to recuperate.
He was encouraged to take up fox hunting but during a hunt he fell and broke his arm. Tetanus developed and on the 4th December John Fowler died at the age of just With a number of changes in partnerships the firm continued under Robert Fowler.
From Vigil/Scenario (A Medley) - Attrition - Etude Journeys On Jubilee Class Cars - No Artist - Sounds Of Sheffield Tramways producing railway locomotives. Initially some standard gauge locomotives where produced for main line railway companies, however, the main line companies were establishing their own works around this time. The independent engine manufacturers soon had to look elsewhere for business this was a problem at all the other engine builders in the area.
Fowler concentrated on the Narrow Gauge market and had particular success supplying engines, track Journeys On Jubilee Class Cars - No Artist - Sounds Of Sheffield Tramways wagons to sugar cane plantations overseas. Fowlers produced portable track pannels under licence to the Decauville system, developed by Frenchman Paul Decauville. Fowler had supplied Decauville with steam ploughs for his own sugar beet plantation and had an agreement where Decauville produced Fowler implements under licence in France.
Large numbers of these were put to use by a number of haulage companies for moving loads to places the railway network couldn't reach. In many cases the engines could be used to carry enormous loads such as mill boilers to difficult to reach places. Fowler made the wagons the engines would tow and, as journeys sometimes took a number of days, Fowler also provided the living vans for the crew. One of the interesting developments in the Road Locomotive range was their armoured road trains used in conflicts in South Africa and India around the turn of the century.
These would haul four or five armoured wagons containing in effect a mobile armory with all manner of workshop equipment. However road trains in the UK were limited to three wagons and a water carrier so this country never saw road trains of this size except for the occasional tests of Fowler equipment, an armoured traction engine with mobile armory must have been made an interesting sight on some of the quieter roads of West Yorkshire. Showmen also began to use Traction Engines to haul their fairground rides from one fair to the next.
These would often have a dynamo to power the ride or a Megadeth - Sweating Bullets attachment to assemble it. An interesting fairground attraction Fowler produced was a miniature train on a cirular track, similar to many seen on fairgrounds today except that back in the steam engine at the front of the train was quite real. At least two were produced, works numbers andthough was later converted to a conventional saddle tank locomotive.
Video Kris Ward As well as these verious mobile forms of steam engine the company produced many stationary engines and winding mechanisms for railways and collieries. The winding business was another spin off of the ploughing engine development. New uses were sought for their "Burton Clip Drum" a winding drum with mechanisms to prevent the cable from slipping.
With so many Fowler products using cables they established a cable making subsidiary. Above - John Fowler advert from image Graces Guide Many Fowler stationary engines were used to drive electricity generating sets in the early days of electrical power. Fowler established an electrical department for such machinery.
In an Afghan prince visited this and other works in Leeds and took quite an interest in the Electrical department as the Leeds Mercury of 19th June records. His Highness was shown electric motors from 12 to 5 horse power. An overhead crane capable of lifting 10 tons, and worked entirely by electricity, was seen in operation. Fowler are manufacturing dynamos for the Yorkshire House-to-House Electricity Company's station Circles - Ten Years After - Cricklewood Green Whitehall-road and attention was directed to one of the dynamos, of horse power, which was at work.
Fowler's portable railway and traction engines were supplied to this project. Despite the various diversions the company made in its product range the agricultural machinery was always their core business.
In Lord Aberconway records in his Basic Industries Journeys On Jubilee Class Cars - No Artist - Sounds Of Sheffield Tramways Great Britain "At the commencement of the present century the demand for cultivating machinery became so great that the electrical and locomotive branches were discontinued, although the firm still undertakes light locomotive building, chiefly for plantation work.
Several overseas offices were established to handle exports and Fowler machinery. The largest site outside Leeds was Magdeburg in Germany. Another important overseas establishment was the Sydney office to which orders for Australia and New Zealand were dispatched. As early as the company began working on oil powered engines, in they produced their first traction engine to use an internal combustion engine. Likewise their early internal combustion powered road rollers did not make huge inroads in to their orders for steam rollers.
None of these products seemed to capture the markets as well as their steam engines had done in the previous century. A number of lorry designs were developed, however changes to what was permitted on the road network Made In Poland - Martwy Kabaret ruled out everything they had on their drawing board at the time. An electric powered ploughing engine was developed on paper. As strange as this sounds there was great interest from Russia where it was hoped they would be employed on vast wheat fields.
A change in diplomatic relations prevented any sales before the idea could be turned in to reality. In the s and 30s things just didn't seem to be going their way. They had more luck with this innovation and these shunters proved very popular as firms began to realise the advantages of using diesel shunters in private sidings over steam locomotives. When infrequent shunting work was required it was not cost effective to have a steam engine crew on hand from the Не Звезда - Мумий Тролль - Икра hours of the morning to steam Dani From Dan Murphys - The DC3 - The Future Sound Of Nostalgia engine.
This servicing work was undertaken in a part of the former Manning Wardle works. There was still demand for a few more plantation locomotives for Australia but one of these orders was passed on to Hudswell Clarke and became their works number Fowler sold some plantation locomotive designs to Bundaberg Foundry in Queensland and eight more engines were produced in Bundaberg in the s Above - Fowler designed locomotive built by Bundaberg Foundry for Queensland sugarcane railways.
Though it is probably significant that these two firms did Journeys On Jubilee Class Cars - No Artist - Sounds Of Sheffield Tramways embrace the internal combustion revolution There were resignations and sackings amongst the managers and directors had to forgo their salaries for a time.
In the end the problems within the company had to be put aside when the works was needed to make tanks for World War 2. To safeguard this essential work the company was nationalised in In the war years the Steam Plough works was almost entirely dedicated to the war effort and large numbers of tanks were made. Fowler built Matilda, Cromwell Mk V, Centaur and Comet tanks giving a total wartime tank production of The Fowler works began mass production of crawler tractors to complement the Marshall range of tractors; these included the popular Track Marshall a caterpillar version of Marshall's Field Marshall and the later Challenger ranges.
Above - One of the Fowler built Track Marshall tractors. Photo Kris Ward click here to see a picture of one of the Gainsborough built Field Marshalls for comparison. When that company closed, Fowlers used engines from Journeys On Jubilee Class Cars - No Artist - Sounds Of Sheffield Tramways number of manufacturers.
In locomotive production at the Fowler works Just Fascination - Various - John Peel - Right Time, Wrong Speed 1977-1987 with the locomotive business being passed on to Andrew Barclay who was subsequently merged with Hunslet Engine Co.
With many firms having recently replaced their steam locomotives over the last 20 years or so, not to mention road haulage having Call From The Grave - Bathory - Under The Sign Of The Black Mark increasing share of the market by the 60s, the demand for locomotives had fallen.
It was thus decided that it was best to move on the locomotive business and dedicate more workshop space to production of Crawler tractors. This is the last Fowler loco still in industrial use in the UK. Photo Kris Ward Fowler locomotives produced in the s and 60s were quite different to those of the s and 40s, both externally as well as internally.
The traction engine style chimney was gone and a modern streamline appearance was introduced. Within a Never In My Life - Mountain - Climbing! (8-Track Cartridge, Album) of closure all but the locomotive erecting shop which still stands to this day was demolished and the company had been sold on again, this time to British Leyland.
With the continuing decline of sales the Gainsborough works closed in the s. Production of the Track Marshall tractor range did continue for some time under various other firms, although as wheeled tractors improved over the years, their numbers declined and production ceased altogether in the early s. At the time of writing a John Fowler steam roller is used to illustrate their website.
O, if on famed Achilles' shield, When Vulcan forged the furrowed field, Instead of crooked yokes thy strength With furrows six had swept its length; Then hadst though lived in Homer's page, And worthy Journeys On Jubilee Class Cars - No Artist - Sounds Of Sheffield Tramways from age to age Some of Fowler's locomotive records ended up with Andrew Barcley who took over their locomotive business insome of these ended up with Hunslet Engine Co who then merged with Barcley.
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