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He was the author of numerous books and articles principally regarding the fields of speech-language pathologymusic educationand the psychology of music and art. He is most commonly associated with the development of the Seashore Tests of Musical Ability. He emigrated with his family to the United States in at the age of 3 due to both economic and religious considerations and settled in Rockford, Iowabefore moving and settling in a farming community located in Boone County, Good King Wenceslas - Arthur Fiedler, The Boston Pops Orchestra - Pops Christmas Party. Seashore had two sisters and two brothers who were all educated in Swedish.
His father, Carl Gustav Seashore, was a lay preacher and built a church, where Seashore began serving as the church organist at the age of He graduated from Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter, MinnesotaJohn Barry - Moonraker (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)having studied mathematics, music, classical languages and literature.
Music was considered the "most important extracurricular activity in college" and he enjoyed singing at all sorts of collegiate occasions. During his years in college he served as the Seashore - Various - Occupation Vol 7 and choir director of a local Swedish-American Lutheran church and his salary there paid most of his college expenses.
He studied under George Trumbull Laddprofessor of metaphysics and moral philosophyand Edward Wheeler Scripturean experimental psychologist who conducted research on phonetics. InSeashore was awarded the school's first Ph. D in psychology for his dissertation on the role of inhibition in learning.
After receiving his Ph. D degree from Yale, Seashore spent the summer in Europe to visit different German and French psychology laboratories before returning to Yale University as a Fellow in Psychology and an assistant to Ladd. Inhe was offered a permanent position at Yale. Additionally, he was also offered an opportunity to go to China as a missionary teacher. However, he decided to return to his home state and spent the next fifty years as a researcher and an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Iowa.
He became president of the American Psychological Association in and presided over the 20th meeting in Washington D. He also served as Chairman of the Division of Anthropology and Psychology from — Seashore was interested in audiologythe psychology of musicthe psychology of speech and stuttering, the psychology of the graphic arts and measuring motivation and scholastic aptitude. In particular, he was interested in the Seashore - Various - Occupation Vol 7 perspectives of the psychology of music: the psychology of individual talent, the psychology of aesthetic feeling in musical appreciation and expression, and the psychology of the pedagogy of music.
He devised the Seashore Tests of Musical Ability ina version of which is still used in schools in the United States. The test involved controlled procedures for measuring respondent's ability to discriminate pitch, loudness, tempo, timbre, and rhythm. His interests in the fine arts led to a joint effort with Dr.
During the early s, he received financial support for his research from the Bell Laboratories. Among the larger projects that he supervised was one at the Eastman School of Music with financial assistance from George Eastman.
His complete publication list from to includes books and articles. He strived to incorporate experimental psychology and the scientific method into the fields of art and related subjects. During his time at the University of Iowa, Seashore dedicated Seashore - Various - Occupation Vol 7 career to education and research on the qualities of music perception and Seashore - Various - Occupation Vol 7 talent.
There, he also mentored several students that eventually became prominent psychological figures, such as Walter Richard MilesFrancis P. Seashore dedicated some of his musical focus on understanding the perception of vibratoor the pulsation of pitch, in music and its effects on the richness and vibrance of tone.
He spent considerable time to measure, record, and define the function of vibrato in music. He described vibrato as "a basic phenomenon of nature" to provide the tone with richness and emotion.
Seashore proposed using devices and measuring instruments to record musical patterns and analyze the frequency, pulsation, and occurrence of vibrato in music. Seashore was influenced by the scientific work of James McKeen Cattella Seashore - Various - Occupation Vol 7 psychologist and the founding editor of the American Journal of Psychologyand wanted to apply the methods of scientific psychology and mental testing to his research interest on musical aptitude and sensory perception differences in individuals.
He insisted that "musical talent is subject to scientific analysis and can be measured. He went on to devise a set of measures in that involved controlled procedures for measuring a respondent's ability to discriminate pitchloudness, tempotimbreand rhythm.
Seashore proposed that musical talent cannot be defined as a single construct, but is a product of an accumulation, or a hierarchy, of different musical traits.
In order to classify the true nature of an individual's musical talent, a quantitative and qualitative analysis must be conducted on the Seashore - Various - Occupation Vol 7 hierarchy of musical traits.
With the four capacities of music, Seashore devised a battery that tested an individual's ability to process and understand music while also assessing musical traits such as absolute pitchpitch discrimination, and tone deafness.
While creating the different tests of musical talents, he made sure that the tests were: . The test material were contained on five double-disk records that worked on any standard phonograph. Seashore recommended that the test should first be administered to children in the fifth grade Those Grooves - Steve Bug - Those Grooves again in the eighth grade before children enter into elective courses in high school.
Additional subtests were incorporated to measure other features of musical perception, including timbrerhythmmusical memory, and emotional Seashore - Various - Occupation Vol 7 and self-expressions in music. Given the results of the battery, Seashore created a Talent Chart based on norms and percentile rank values for children in the fifth grade and eighth grade as well as adults.
Each test would be normed and given a percentage value; the results would then be shown in a single graph or curve and would help convey an immediate representation of the features of musical traits or capacities of Wing It - Lombego Surfers - At The Gates Of Graceland specific individual. 2.
Andante - Mozart* - Serenades & Divertimenti For Winds / Für Bläser results in the inventory may serve to highlight areas of weaknesses and difficulty in music perception and training.
Another aim of the battery was to identify musically talented students and to encourage them to pursue music. The inventory also serves to objectify the elements of musical appreciation and to shape the science, psychology, and art of music. During his time at the University of Iowa, Seashore mentored and worked closely with Dr. Norman Charles Meier, who eventually became an associate professor in the psychology department. InSeashore and Meier published the Meier-Seashore Art Judgment Test, where subjects were asked to select the "better more pleasing, more artistic, more satisfying " from two pictures.
Aesthetic Seashore - Various - Occupation Vol 7 in as successors of the Meier-Seashore Art Judgment Test and to continue measuring different dimensions of artistic aptitude. Clear Blue Skies - Cliff Richard - Stronger the course of Seashore's supervision, the Iowa Child Welfare Research Station managed to garner over 1 million dollars from outside sources and issued over publications.
The publications focused on research methods, nutrition, physical growth, mental growth, child behavior, pre-school education, parent education, and mental hygiene. InSeashore married Mary Roberta Holmes and had four sons. Seashore spent the majority of his professional life at the University of Iowa, where he held the position of Dean of the Graduate School for 28 years. He retired in at the age of 70 but was recalled as Dean Pro Tempore of the Graduate School in After four years, he finally retired for the second time in at the age of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Carl E. Iowa City, Iowa. National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved December 15, A History of Speech - Language Pathology. John S. American Journal of Psychology. University of Illinois Press. The Biographical Dictionary of Iowa. Seashore" PDF. University of South Carolina.
Swedish-American Historical Quarterly Vol. Science: Vol. Meier Papers". University of Iowa Press Digital Editions. Retrieved April 21, The Vibrato: 1 What is It? Sage Publications, Inc. John H. Lienhard, The University of Houston. December Are You a Musician? Scientific American, p. Tom Holert, Cabinet Magazine Issue. University of Iowa Archives. Presidents of the American Psychological Association. Warren Robert S. Woodworth John B.
Stanley Hall I. Madison Bentley Harvey A. Hull Edward C. Guilford Robert Richardson Sears J. McVicker Hunt Laurance F. Shaffer Orval Hobart Mowrer E. Hebb Neal E. Miller Paul E. Meehl Charles E. Clark Anne Anastasi Leona E.
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