Label: Angel Records - 35415 • Format: Vinyl LP • Country: UK • Genre: Classical • Style: Neo-Romantic
Carmina Burana is a scenic cantata composed in and by Carl Orffbased on 24 poems from the medieval collection Carmina Burana.
Its full Latin title is Carmina Burana: Cantiones profanae cantoribus et choris cantandae comitantibus instrumentis atque imaginibus magicis "Songs of Beuern : Secular songs for singers and choruses to be sung together with instruments and magical images".
It was first performed by the Memory Lane (Future Live Remix) - Various - Goa Trance Legacy (File) Frankfurt on 8 June It is part of Trionfia musical triptych that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite.
The first and last section of the piece are called " Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi " "Fortune, Empress of the World" and start with the very well known " O Fortuna ". CantioneOrff encountered the edition of the Carmina Burana by Johann Andreas Schmellerthe original text dating mostly from the 11th or 12th century, including some from the 13th century. The selection covers a wide range of topics, as familiar in the 13th century as they are in the 21st century: the fickleness of fortune and wealththe ephemeral nature of life, the joy of the return of Spring, and the pleasures and perils of drinkinggluttony Journeys On Jubilee Class Cars - No Artist - Sounds Of Sheffield Tramways, Cantioneand lust.
Carmina Burana is structured into five Cantione sections, containing 25 movements in total. Orff indicates attacca markings between all the movements within each scene. Much of the compositional structure is based on the idea of the turning Fortuna Wheel.
The drawing of the wheel found on the first page of the Burana Codex includes four phrases around the outside of the wheel:. Regnabo, Regno, Regnavi, Sum sine regno. I shall reign, I reign, I have reigned, I am without a realm.
Within each scene, and sometimes within a single movement, the wheel of fortune turns, joy turning to bitterness, and hope turning to grief. Orff subscribed to a dramatic concept called " Theatrum Mundi " in which music, movement, and speech were inseparable. Babcock writes that "Orff's artistic formula limited the music in that every musical moment was to be connected with an action on stage.
It is here that modern performances of Carmina Burana fall short of Orff's intentions. Orff's style demonstrates a desire for directness of Where Would I Begin - Bored Nothing - Some Songs and of access. Carmina Burana contains little or no development in the classical sense, and Tanz - Carl Orff - Wolfgang Sawallisch is also conspicuously absent.
Carmina Burana avoids overt harmonic complexities, a fact which many musicians and critics have pointed out, such as Ann Powers of The New York Times. Orff was influenced melodically by late Renaissance and early Baroque models including William Byrd and Claudio Monteverdi. Rhythm, for Orff as it was for Stravinsky, is often the primary musical element. Overall, it sounds rhythmically straightforward and simple, but the metre will change freely from one measure to the next.
While the rhythmic arc in a section is taken as a whole, a measure of five may be followed by one of seven, to one of four, and so on, often with caesura marked between them. These constant rhythmic changes combined with the caesura create a very "conversational" feel — so much so that the rhythmic complexities of the piece are often overlooked.
Some of the solo arias pose bold challenges for singers: the only solo tenor aria, Olim lacus colueramis often sung almost completely in falsetto to demonstrate the suffering of the character in this case, a roasting swan.
The baritone arias often demand high notes not commonly Cantione in baritone repertoire, and parts of the baritone aria Dies nox et omnia are often sung in falsetto, a unique example in baritone repertoire. Also noted is the solo soprano aria, Dulcissime which demands extremely high notes. Orff intended this aria for a lyric sopranonot a coloraturaso that the musical tensions would be more obvious. Shortly after the greatly successful premiere, Orff said the following to his publisher, Schott Music :.
Everything I have written to date, and which you have, unfortunately, printed, can be destroyed. With Carmina Buranamy collected works begin.
Several performances Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra* - Carmina Burana repeated elsewhere in Germany. The Nazi regime was at first nervous about the erotic tone of some of the poems,  but eventually embraced the piece. It became the most famous piece of music composed in Germany at the time. Alex Ross wrote that "the music itself commits no sins simply by being and remaining popular. That Carmina Burana has appeared in hundreds of films and television commercials is proof that it contains no diabolical message, indeed that it contains no message whatsoever.
The desire Orff expressed to his publisher has by and large been fulfilled: No other composition of his approaches its renown, as evidenced in both pop culture's use of "O Fortuna" and the classical world's persistent programming and recording of the work. In the United States, Carmina Burana represents one of the few box office certainties in 20th-century repertoire. The popularity of the work has ensured the creation of many additional arrangements for a variety of Cantione forces.
The score has short solos for three tenors, baritone and two basses. This version is to allow smaller ensembles the opportunity to perform the piece.
In writing this transcription, Mas Quiles maintained the original chorus, percussion, and Tanz - Carl Orff - Wolfgang Sawallisch parts.
An additional arrangement for concert winds was prepared by composer John Krance and does not include chorus. Various arrangements of different movements for young bands also Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra* - Carmina Burana. Australian classical guitarist Gareth Koch arranged and recorded Carmina Burana for the guitar.
It was originally released by the ABC Classics label in and re-released in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Catulli Sevillana - Laurindo Almeida - The Best Of Laurindo Almeida. Cover of the score showing the Wheel of Fortune.
Classical music portal. Tops Oxford: The Musical QuarterlyVol. Idee und Werk in German. Munich: Goldmann. At the time of writing the CarminaOrff had no knowledge of the original melodies. Carmina Burana in German. Munich: dtv. Carl Orff's Carmina Burana do not attempt to utilise the traditional melodies. IV, Carl Orff. Orff Schulwerk s " Gassenhauer ". Carl-Orff-Saal of Cantione Gasteig. Category:Compositions by Carl Orff. Carmina Burana. Categories : Cantatas Compositions by Carl Orff compositions.
Eugen JochumSymphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks. Leopold StokowskiHouston Symphony. Eugene OrmandyPhiladelphia Orchestra. John NobleRaymond Wolansky. Michael Tilson ThomasCleveland Orchestra. Riccardo MutiPhilharmonia Orchestra. Robert ShawAtlanta Symphony Orchestra. Telarc Digital Cat: James LevineChicago Symphony Orchestra.
Seiji OzawaBerlin Philharmonic. Philips Classics Cat: Herbert BlomstedtSan Francisco Symphony. Leonard SlatkinSt. Louis Symphony Orchestra. Charles DutoitMontreal Symphony Orchestra.
Simon HalseyRundfunkchor Berlin. Warner Classics Cat: 7 5.