Label: Label Lehle - Katalog-Nr. 110012 • Format: CD Album • Country: Germany • Genre: Jazz •
It is the largest, lowest-pitched member of the string section, which also includes the violin, viola, and cello. The bassist produces sound by drawing a bow across one or more strings which may be stopped by the fingers of the other hand to produce a full range of pitchesby plucking the strings with either handor by a variety of other techniques.
The Freedom Jazzdance - Doubled Half Double Bass - Follow Us In bass is a standard member of the string section of Cor - Various - TIP Singles symphony orchestra and smaller string ensembles in Western classical music.
The compass of the Double Bass is from E2 Thank You Lord - Bob Marley & The Wailers - Power C5.
This can be extended upwards, however, through the use of natural or artificial harmonics. Many Basses have mechanical aids enabling them to go lower, usually an extension of the E string down to C2 or C 2, or by a fifth string tuned to a B1 a fourth below the bottom string. These aids are mainly found on professional instruments, and may not be available with a student ensemble. Conventional western tuning of a Double Bass is based on A4 Hz and is in fourths.
The double bass is generally tuned in fourths, in contrast to 你騙我 - 黃清元 - 幾度花落時 members of the orchestral string family, which are tuned in fifths. This is the same as the standard tuning of a bass guitar and is one octave lower than the four lowest-pitched strings of standard guitar tuning.
The technique of scordatura allows this fundamental tuning to be changed in certain works or styles. The most common alternate tuning is in fifths similar to a Cello or all raised by a semitone known as solo tuning. For non-conventional variants and tuning possibilites refer to Wikipedia. The Bass has a low bass timbre, which can be quite soft due to the low frequencies. When played with a bow it has a resonant quality, while it's pizzicate has a sharper attack than the electric bass.
This tone can be adjusted through mechanical means string choice, body and bow construction or through the various techniques available to the bass player. While the electric bass guitar is a common substitute for the upright bass. Apart from the jazz styles of jazz fusion and Latin-influenced jazz however, the upright bass is still the dominant bass instrument in jazz. The sound and tone of the plucked upright Sweet Caroline - The Wishing Wall - Music To Live By is distinct from that of the fretted bass guitar.
The upright bass produces a different sound than the bass guitar, because its strings are not stopped by metal frets, instead having a continuous tonal range on the uninterrupted fingerboard.
Freedom Jazzdance - Doubled Half Double Bass - Follow Us In well, bass guitars usually have a solid wood body, which means that their sound is produced by electronic amplification of the vibration of the strings, instead of the upright bass's acoustic reverberation. Attaching a rubber, wooden, or metal device called a "mute" to the bridge of the bass alters the tone, On My Mind (Kikis Superdub) - Thomilla feat.
David Whitley - On My Mind the instrument's sound by adding mass to the bridge and so reducing its ability to vibrate freely, decreasing volume and giving a more mellow tone, with fewer audible overtones. In performances, it may give a desired dulled effect. Mutes are mostly used in orchestras with the entire string section playing with mutes, resulting in a soft, hushed sound quality.
Parts to be played muted are marked con sord. The instruction to take off the mute is senza sord. Sharing the same name but with a completely different purpose, massive metal, rubber, or wooden "practice mutes" or "hotel mutes" are available.
These mutes are used to drastically reduce the volume when practicing where others can be disturbed. Since there is no established instrumental ensemble that includes the double bass, its use in chamber music has not been as exhaustive as the literature for ensembles such as the string quartet or piano trio.
Despite this, there is a substantial number of Freedom Jazzdance - Doubled Half Double Bass - Follow Us In works that incorporate the double bass in both small and large ensembles. There is a small body of works written for piano quintet with the instrumentation of piano, violin, viola, cello, and double bass. There are also a few works for string quartet with double bass.
Slightly smaller string works with the double bass include six string sonatas by Gioachino Freedom Jazzdance - Doubled Half Double Bass - Follow Us In , for two violins, cello, and double bass written at the age of Rattlesnake Kiss - Various - Symphony For Heartbreak (US Pop Life Vol.
9 - Seattle - Portland) over the course of three days in Larger works that incorporate the double bass include Beethoven's Septet in E-flat major, Op. When the clarinetist Ferdinand Troyer commissioned a work from Franz Schubert for similar forces, he added one more violin for his Octet in F major, D. Paul Hindemith used the same instrumentation as Schubert for his own Octet. In the realm of even larger works, Mozart included the double bass in addition to 12 wind instruments for his "Gran Partita" Serenade, K.
The double bass in the baroque and classical periods would typically double the cello part in orchestral passages. A notable exception would be Haydn, who composed solo passages for the double bass in some of his Symphonies, but who otherwise would group the bass and cello parts together. Beethoven paved the way for separate double bass parts, which became more common in the romantic era. The scherzo and trio from Beethoven's Fifth Symphony are famous orchestral excerpts, as is the recitative at the beginning of the fourth movement of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.
While orchestral bass solos are somewhat rare, there are some notable examples. Johannes Brahms, whose father was a double bass player, wrote many difficult and prominent parts for the double bass in his symphonies.
Richard Strauss assigned the double bass daring parts, and his symphonic poems and operas stretch the instrument to its limits. Ensembles made up entirely of double basses, though relatively rare, also exist, and several composers have written or arranged for such ensembles. In addition, the double bass sections of some orchestras perform as an ensemble, such as the Chicago Symphony Orchestra's Wacker Consort. There is an increasing number of published compositions and Ubud - Pigbag - Lend An Ear for double bass ensembles, and the International Society of Bassists regularly features double bass ensembles both smaller ensembles as well as very large "mass bass" ensembles at its conferences, and sponsors the biennial David Walter Composition Competition, which includes a division for double bass ensemble works.
Beginning aroundthe early New Orleans jazz ensemble which played a mixture of marches, ragtime, and Dixieland was initially a marching band with a tuba or sousaphone or occasionally bass saxophone supplying the bass line. As the music moved into bars and brothels, the upright bass gradually replaced these wind instruments. Many early bassists doubled on both the brass bass and string bass, as the instruments were then often referred to.
Bassists played "walking" bass lines—scale-based lines that outlined the harmony. Because an unamplified upright bass is generally the quietest instrument in a jazz band, many players of the s and s used the slap style, slapping and pulling the strings so that they make a rhythmic "slap" sound against the fingerboard.
The slap style cuts through the sound of a band better than simply plucking the strings, and allowed the bass to be more easily heard on early sound recordings, as the recording equipment of that time did not favor low frequencies. Many upright bass players have contributed to the evolution of jazz.
Examples include swing era players such as Jimmy Blanton, who played with Duke Ellington, and Oscar Pettiford, who pioneered the instrument's use in bebop.
Paul Chambers who worked with Miles Davis on the famous Kind of Blue album achieved renown for being one of the first jazz bassists to play bebop solos with the bow. Terry Plumeri furthered the development of arco bowed solos, achieving horn-like technical freedom and a clear, vocal bowed tone, while Charlie Haden, best known for his work with Ornette Coleman, defined the role of the bass in Free Jazz.
Scott LaFaro influenced a generation of musicians by liberating the bass from contrapuntal "walking" behind soloists instead favoring interactive, conversational melodies. The string bass is the most commonly used bass instrument in bluegrass music and is almost always plucked, though some modern bluegrass bassists have also used a bow.
Early pre-bluegrass traditional music was often accompanied by the cello. Some contemporary bluegrass bands favor the electric bass, because Freedom Jazzdance - Doubled Half Double Bass - Follow Us In is easier to transport than the large and somewhat fragile upright bass.
However, the bass guitar has a different musical sound. Many musicians feel the slower attack and percussive, woody tone of the upright bass gives it a more "earthy" or "natural" sound than an electric bass, particularly when gut strings are used. Bluegrass bass lines are usually simple, typically staying on the root and fifth of each chord throughout most of a song.
There are two main exceptions to this rule. Bluegrass bassists often do a diatonic walkup or walkdown, in which they play every beat of a bar for one or two bars, typically when there is a chord change.
In addition, if a bass player is given a solo, they may play a walking bass line with a note on every beat or play a pentatonic scale-influenced bassline.
An upright bass was the standard bass instrument in traditional country western music. While the upright bass is still occasionally used in country music, the electric bass has largely replaced its bigger cousin in country music, especially in the more pop-infused country styles of the s and s, such as new country.
In the s, a new style of dance music called rhythm and blues developed, incorporating elements of the earlier styles of blues and swing.
The upright bass remained an integral part of pop lineups throughout the s, as the new genre of rock and roll was built largely upon the model of rhythm and blues, with strong elements also derived from jazz, country, and bluegrass. However, upright bass players using their instruments in these contexts faced inherent problems. The upright bass began making a modest comeback in popular music in the mids, in part due to a renewed interest in earlier forms of rock and country music.
In the s, improvements in pickups and amplifier designs for electro-acoustic horizontal and upright Siger O & Der Kom En Mand - Peter Olsen & Re Laks - HH-EY PI-AL H-AK made it easier for bassists to get a good, clear amplified tone Freedom Jazzdance - Doubled Half Double Bass - Follow Us In an acoustic instrument.
Some popular bands decided to anchor their sound with an upright bass instead of an electric bass. A trend for "unplugged" performances further helped to enhance the public's interest in the upright bass and acoustic bass guitars. The upright bass is also favored over the electric bass guitar in many rockabilly and psychobilly bands.
In such bands the bassist often plays with great showmanship, using slapping technique, sometimes spinning the bass around or even physically climbing onto the instrument while performing. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Double Bass Double Bass String Instrument Other Names Bass, string bass, upright bass, acoustic bass, contrabass, bass violin, bass viol, bass fiddle, bull fiddle, doghouse bass, standup bass Range C2-C5 Clefs Bass, also Tenor and Treble Transposition Sounds octave lower than written The double bass, also called the string bass, upright bass, bass fiddle, bass violin, doghouse bass, contrabass, or stand-up bass, is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra, with strings usually tuned to E1, A1, D2 and G2.
A person who plays the double bass is usually referred to as a bassist. The double bass can be played either with a bow arco or by plucking the strings pizzicato. In orchestral repertoire and tango music, both arco and pizzicato are employed. In jazz, pizzicato Denkste Denn Du Berliner Pflanze - Various - Heimweh Nach Berlin the norm, except for some solos and also occasional written parts in modern jazz that call for bowing.
In most other genres, such as blues and rockabilly, the bass is plucked. In classical pieces, the bow is used. Contents [ show ]. Categories :. Cancel Save. Double Bass. Bass, string bass, upright bass, acoustic bass, contrabass, bass violin, bass viol, bass fiddle, bull fiddle, doghouse bass, standup bass.
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